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helping my child's dry skin

My child has dry skin – what can I do to keep their skin healthy?

Dry skin is an uncomfortable condition where the skin becomes itchy, scaly and starts to crack. Looking after your child’s skin may take a lot of time and can be stressful, especially seeing them in pain from scratching so much. It can happen for a number of reasons, but it is important to remember that managing dry skin by using effective skincare products in a regular skincare routine will help keep your child’s skin healthy. With some children dry skin can be harmless, but for others if the skin is not regularly moisturised, it can trigger skin irritation, itchy skin and eczema.

What can cause my child’s skin to become dry?
  • Cold weather – Skin tends to be driest in winter, because of the dry air, cold temperatures and low humidity, making dry skin and eczema flare ups common. Using heaters and fireplaces during winter may also contribute to low humidity and drying of the skin.
  • Hot weather – During hot weather, your child will sweat more to try and regulate their body temperature, causing water loss from their body and drying out their skin. This can break down the skin’s natural barrier, making it harder to keep bacteria and irritants away from the body and increase the risk of infection.
  • Harsh soaps and detergents – Many available soaps, detergents and shampoos contain harsh chemicals that help remove oil from the skin, but can also strip the skin of moisture.

Where on the body is dry skin common?

Most dry skin is caused by environmental factors such as weather, low humidity and having showers and baths where the water is too hot. Hands, arms, and legs are the most common areas of the body to become dry. In most instances, dry skin can be managed using an intensive moisturiser.

What does dry skin look like?

  • Flaking, itching, peeling and scaling of the skin
  • Dullness and redness of the skin
  • Rough patches on the skin
  • Grey, ashy skin with cracks that if left untreated can bleed

What can I do to help my child’s skin?

Using a hydrating as well as cleansing bath soak to add moisture into your child’s skin during bath time will add moisture into the skin and coat the skin to prevent water loss. When you take your child out of the bath gently pat their skin without drying it completely. Then moisturise immediately while their skin is still a bit damp. Moisturise their skin again in the morning to protect it during the day.  Choosing to moisturise their skin with an ointment, like our itchy baby co. moisturiser, rather than a cream or lotion will work better for dry skin. This is because it stays on the skin for longer to lock in hydration and stop water escaping from the skin’s surface.

 

This blog post was brought to you and your family with love and care from Julia and the itchy baby co. team x.

Disclaimer: Information provided is of a general nature only, and you should always consult your medical professional.

Why does my child have baby acne

My child has baby acne – what is it and how do I treat it?

If your baby has tiny red pimples on their face or body, they might have baby acne. Baby acne mostly appears on the cheeks, chin or forehead, but might also affect the eyelids and chest. This common skin condition affects more than 30 percent of newborns.

What causes baby acne?

There is no clear answer for what causes baby acne. Experts often point to the hormones transferred between the mother to the baby in the final weeks of pregnancy, but as yet there are no definite answers or explanations. You might find rough fabrics, or using a particular washing detergent linked to your little one experiencing skin irritation. Also, the pores in a baby’s skin are not yet fully developed which makes it easier targets for dirt and irritants to be trapped in their skin, which can also result in bumps and pimples.

What does baby acne look like? Could it be eczema?

It can be quite difficult to tell the difference between baby acne and other skin conditions that commonly affect young children such as eczema. Eczema and other skin conditions are generally red and inflamed with areas of dry and cracked skin which may cause the baby a great deal of distress and severe itchiness. Baby acne is generally bumpier and not necessarily itchy. Both conditions commonly appear at a very young age, however, baby acne usually clears up within a short period of time. Eczema on the other hand, can persist well into childhood and adulthood and needs a regular skincare routine to keep the skin hydrated and strengthen the skin’s barrier to avoid eczema flare ups.

How can I treat my baby’s acne?

Baby acne will usually disappear without treatment but it is important to wash your baby’s face regularly with warm water as it is gentle and soothing. Make sure to use a soft cloth and a baby bath soak to very gently wash dirt and irritants away. It is important to avoid scrubbing, pinching or squeezing the acne which can further irritate their skin.

Some babies can have acne that persists for several weeks, in which case you should consult your doctor to investigate the possibility of eczema.

This blog post was brought to you and your family with love from Julia and the itchy baby co. team x.

Disclaimer: Information provided is of a general nature only, and you should always consult your medical professional.

managing eczema and other skin rashes

Differences between eczema and other skin rashes?

Children can be affected by many different skin rashes, whether it is a common rash or a skin condition like eczema. There are also several different types of eczema such as atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis and nummular eczema which can complicate understanding what signs and symptoms to look out for when looking at skin rashes.

Generally children who have eczema often have irritated, itchy and red skin on different parts of the body. Eczema flare-ups can happen anywhere on the body and the most common breakout areas are on the face, the hands and feet, as well as the inside of the elbows and behind the knees. 

While eczema and other skin rashes inflame the skin and have similar symptoms, they are quite different in other ways. Here are some common skin conditions and how they differ from eczema:

Differences between skin rashes: psoriasis and eczema

Both psoriasis and eczema rashes are red, scaly and dry, but there are important differences. Psoriasis can be thick and sometimes covered with white scales and the skin becomes very itchy and scaly. The skin remains dry and eventually flakes off. Psoriasis is generally triggered by infection, skin injury or side effects from medication and is more likely to be on the back of your child’s elbow and the front of the knees. Eczema on the other hand is usually triggered by the environment such as dust, allergens and weather change and can be seen on the inside of the arms and back of the knees.  

Differences between hives and eczema

Hives are pink or red itchy rashes, and look like blotches or raised red lumps on the skin. When hives first start to appear, they can be mistaken for mosquito bites. They can be caused by a number of reasons such as allergic reactions, food and insects, exposure to sunlight as well as viral or bacterial infections, and can appear anywhere on your body. Most cases of hives are known as acute and go away within a few hours, or sometimes a few days or weeks. Hives are generally not due to allergy and they can be effectively treated with a antihistamine.

Differences between cradle cap and eczema

Cradle cap is a skin condition that most commonly affects babies under three months. It is a form of dermatitis which causes the oil glands in the skin to become inflamed. This inflammation causes the thick, yellow crusts. It generally stops after the baby is about three months old because at this age the oil glands become inactive until puberty. If your baby has signs of cradle cap after three months it might be eczema which is affecting the scalp.

Managing your child’s rashes for healthy skin

A healthy skin barrier is important for managing most skin conditions and the best way to keep your child’s skin healthy is by adding moisture to the skin to help prevent dryness and itchiness which can also help to strengthen the skin’s barrier to prevent allergens and irritants inflaming the skin.  Always keep the skin as moisturised as possible by maintaining your child’s regular skin care routine. If your child has a rash and you are unsure what type of rash it is, see your doctor to ensure you have the right management plan.

This blog post was brought to you and your family with love from Julia and the itchy baby co. team x.

Disclaimer: Information provided is of a general nature only, and you should always consult your medical professional.

Coffin Siris Syndrome

Little Alex, Eczema and Coffin Siris Syndrome

As the year marches on we send out our heartfelt thanks to all of you who continue to share your ups, your downs, and your little wins along the way as we all deal with the challenges eczema brings.

Following is a particularly touching and inspiring story we want to share with you. You are all such courageous mums and dads out there, and we want to take a moment to stop and recognise that often life gets tough for us, and our children. However we are not alone and we love being part of this wonderful supportive and caring community that are so generous in their sharing of tips, insights and inspiration.

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